原标题:英语发音快速入门(辅音字母篇)

音标学习有个快速入门方法叫“掐头去尾法”。最早了解还是笔者刚刚迈出校门的时候。原创者是马承教授,叫做“字母、音素、音标”三位一体教学法。这也是我职业生涯接受的第一次培训。

一、辅音字母有21个。因为最容易识别,所以先解决它。

第一类:“掐头”法,即这四个字母,在单词中发的音是它的尾音。例如l/el/,在单词中读/l/。

(1) l — leg/l/

(2) m — man/m/

(3) n — not/n/

(4) x –box /ks/

第二类:“去尾”法。下面这些字母,在单词中发的音是它的首音。例如b/bi:/,在单词中读/b/

(5) b — ball/b/

(6) c–nice /c/ (注意c的另一种发音/k/)

(7) d — dog/d/

(8) f — fish/f/

(9) j — jump /?/(注意j作为音标符号和字母,发音是不同的)

(10) k —

kite/k/

(11) p — pen/p/

(12) q – quick/k/(注意q与u总是连在一起的)

(13) s — sun/s/

(14) t – ten/t/

(15) v — vest/v/

(16) z — zoo/z/

第三类:特殊的发音。

(17) g– girl /g/

(18) h — hat/h/

(19) r — run/h/

(20) w — water/w/

(21) y–yet /j/

二、四个辅音字母的发音比较灵活

字母c的发音:

(22) 后面接a,o,u的时候,c的发音与字母k发音相同,如cat, cap, call, coat, cup;

(23) 后面接e,i,或y的时候,通常c的发音与字母s发音相同,如city, ice, rice, face, cell, cent,voice, pencil, juice;

(24) 在e或i前面,c会发/sh/音ocean, racial, social。

字母g的发音:

(25) 后面接a,o,u的时候,发/g/,如girl, gas, get,give, go;

(26) 后面接e,i,或y的时候,有时发音与字母j的发音相同,如age,change, ginger, egypt, gentle, giraffe, badge;

字母x的发音:

(27) 在单词中间或结尾时发/ks/音。如box, next, mix, six,fox

(28) ex+元音字母,x发/gz/。如exit, exam, exact

(29) 在单词起始位置时发/z/音:xylophone, xerox

字母y的发音:

(30) 在单词起始位置时发音为辅音:yes, you, yard, year, yell

(31) y在单词或音节中间或结尾时被当做元音

三、辅音字母组合

辅音连缀,即两个(最多三个)辅音音素结合在一起的一种语音现象。

字母l组合

1. bl–black,blame, bless, blue, blast

2. cl –clock,class, clap, clue, close

3. fl –flag,fly, flat, flash, flower

4. gl –glass,glad, glide, glue, globe

5. pl –plate,plane, place, plus, plan

6. sl –sled,sleep, slow, slide, slim

字母r组合

1. br –bridge,break, brave, brown, bread

2. cr –crab,crack, crop, crown, creek

3. dr –dress,drag, drink, drive, drop

4. fr –frog,fresh, free, from, front

5. gr –grape,grade, grass, grin, grunt

6. pr –press,pride, price, print, proof

7. tr –truck,track, true, train, tree

字母s组合

1. sc –scale,scar, score, scare, scuff(注:在science和conscience中不同)

2. sk –skate,skip, skill, skull, skin

3. sm –smoke,smile, smog, smell, smear

4. sn –snake,snap, snore, snow, snug

5. sp –spoon,spin, spot, spell, sport

6.

st –stop,stack, stay, step, still

7. sw –swim,swell, swing, sweet, swift

8. tw –twig,tweet, twist, twin, twine

三字母组合

1. shr –shrink,shred, shrill, shrimp, shrub

2. spl –splash,split, splice, splint, splurge

3. spr –spread,spring, spree, sprain, spray

4. squ –square,squad, squirrel, squat, squeak

5. str –string,strip, straw, stream, street

6. thr –throw,three, throne, thrift, thrill

结尾字母组合

1. ck(发/k/音) –duck, pack, quick, luck, rock

2. ld –cold,gold, held, mild, bald

3. lk –milk,silk, elk, sulk, skulk

4. mp –lamp,damp, champ, hump, dump

5. nch –inch,ranch, lunch, bench, crunch

6. nd –hand,kind, bend, stand, mind

7. ng(舌头抵住上颚后方、发出的鼻音)–ring, long, sing, wing, lung

8. nk –sink,bank, trunk, pink, ink

9. nt –tent,ant, hunt, sent, mint

10. sh –fish,rash, brush, wish, trash

11. st –vest,last, test, list, lost

四、复合字母构成的单音

两个(或三个)辅音字母在一起只发一个音,有五种组合:ch(tch),sh,wh,ph和th。

1. ch(tch)/?/–chair,check,watch

2. sh/?/–shoe,shop。

3. wh/w/– when,what,whale,who,whole(一般在o前面发/h/音)

4. ph/f/–physics,photo,graph

5. th发浊音/e/–they, them-, their, theirs, the, this, that, these, those, then-,than, though, thus

6. th发清音/?/–think,thank,thirty

五、不发音的辅音字母

1. gh中h不发音–ghost,ghetto, ghastly

(注:gh在词中不发音–light,high, eight, sigh, night)

2. gn中g 不发音–gnat,gnarl, gnaw, gnome, sign

3. kn中k 不发音–knife,knit, know, knock, knee

4. mb中b不发音–comb, lamb,thumb, dumb, climb

5. ps中p不发音–psalm,psychic, psychology

6. rh中h不发音–rhinoceros,rhyme, rhythm

7. sc 中c不发音–scissors,scent, scene, scenery, scenario

8. wr中w不发音–wrong,wrist, wrap, wretch, wrench返回搜狐,查看更多

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