170 个重点短语

由 be 构成的词组

1. be back / in / out 回来;在家;外出

2. be at home / work 在家;上班

3. be good at 善于;擅长于

4. be careful of 当心;注意;仔细

5. be covered with 被……覆盖

6. be ready for 为……做好准备

7. be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶

8. be interested in 对……感兴趣

9. be born 出生

10. be on 在进行,在上演

11. be able to do sth 能够做……

12. be afraid of (to do sth) 害怕做某事

13. be angry with sb 生(某人)的气

14. be pleased (with) 对……感到高兴(满意)

15. be famous for 以……而著名

16. be strict in (with) 严格要求

17. be from 来自……

18. be hungry / thirsty / tired 饿了;口渴;疲惫

19. be worried 担忧

20. be (well) worth doing (非常)值得做……

21. be covered with 被……所覆盖……

22. be in (great) need of (很)需要

23. be in trouble 处于困境中

24. be glad to do sth 很高兴做某事

25. be late for…… 迟到

26. be made of (from) 由……制成

27. be satisfied with 对……感到满意

28. be free 空闲的

29. be (ill) in bed 卧病在床

30. be busy doing (with) 忙于做某事

由 come 构成的词组

come back 回来

come down 下来

come in 进入;进来

come on 快;走吧;跟我来

come out 出来

come out of 从……出来

come up 上来

come from 来自……

由 do 构成的词组

do one’s lessons / homework 做功课

do more speaking / reading 多做口头练习;朗读

do one’s best 尽最大的努力做某事

do some shopping (cooking reading, cleaning) 买东西(做饭菜;读点书;大扫除)

do a good deed (good deeds) 做好事

do morning exercises 做早操

do eye exercises 做眼保健操

由 give 构成的词组

give… sth advice on 给……一些忠告

give lessons to 给……上课

give in 屈服

give up 放弃

give sb a chance 给……一次机会

give a message to 给……一个口信

由 go 构成的词组

go ahead 先走;向前走

do to the cinema 看电影

go to bed 睡觉 (make the bed 整理床铺)

go to school (college) 上学

go to (the) hospital 去医院看病

go over 复习

go round 顺便去,绕道走

go up 上去

go out for a walk 外出散步

go on (doing) 继续做某事

go on with one’s work 继续某人的工作

go upstairs / downstairs 上、下楼

由 have 构成的词组

have a lesson (lessons) / a meeting 上课;开会

have a football match (basketball match) 举行一场足球、篮球赛

have dictation 听见

have a try 试一试

have a good / wonderful time 玩得很开心

have a lecture ( a piano concert ) 听讲座

have a report ( talk ) on 听一个关于……的报告

have a glass of water ( a cup of tea ) 喝一杯水

have breakfast / lunch / supper 吃早饭;午饭;晚饭

have a meal ( three meals ) 吃一顿饭

11. have a dinner 吃正餐

12. have bread and milk for breakfast 早饭吃面包和牛奶

13. have a headache 头痛

14. have a fever 发烧

15. have a cough 咳嗽

16. have a look 看一看

17. have a rest ( a break ) 休息一会

18. have a talk 谈话

19. have a swim / walk 游泳;散步

20. have sports 进行体育锻炼

21. have a sports meet (meeting) 开运动会

22. have something done 请人做某事

23. have a test / an exam 测试;考验

25. have an idea 有了个主意

26. had better do sth 最好做某事

27. have a word with 与……谈几句话

由 help, keep 引导的词组

help sb with sth / help sb do sth 在……方面帮助;帮助某人做某事

help oneself to some chicken / fish / meat 请随便吃

help each other 互相帮助

keep up with 跟上……

keep silent / quite 保持沉默

keep sb doing sth 使……一直做……

keep one’s diary 记日记

由 make 引导的词组

make a noise 制造噪音

make a living 谋生

make sb do sth 迫使某人做……

make faces 做鬼脸

make friends 与……交朋友

make a mistake 犯错误

make room / space for 给……腾出地方

make a sentence with 用……造句

make a fire 生火

由 be、make 引导的词组

be made from / of 由……制成

be made in 在……地方制造

look out of (outside) 往外看

look up a word (in the dictionary) 查字典

look up 往上看

look after 照管;照看;照顾

look for 寻找

look like 看上去像

look fine / well / tired / worried 看起来气色好;健康;疲劳;忧郁

look out 当心

look on…as… 把……当作……来看待

look around 朝四周看

look at 看着……

由 put 引导的词组

put on 穿上

put up 建造;搭起,挂起,举起,张贴

put into 使进入,输入

put one’s heart into 全神贯注于……

put…down… 把……放下

put…into… 把……译成

由 set、send 引导的词组

set up 竖起,建起

set off 出发,动身

set out 出发

set an example for 为……树立榜样

send for 派人去请

sent out 放出,发出

sent up 发射

由 take 引导的词组

take one’s advice 听从某人劝告

take out 拿出;取出

take down 拿下

take place 发生

take one’s place 代替某人的职务

take the place of 代替……

take a walk / rest 散步;休息

take it easy 别紧张

take sth with sb 随身携带

take sb to a park 带某人去公园

11. take care of 关心;照顾;保管

12. take a look at 看一看

13. take an exam 参加考试

14. take away 拿走

15. take back 收回,带回

16. take hold of 抓住……

17. take off 脱下

18. take part in 积极参加活动

19. take photos 拍照

20. take some medicine 服药

21. take a bus 乘车

由 turn、play 引导的词组

turn on 开灯

turn off 关灯

turn in 交出;上交

turn into 变成

turn to 翻到;转向

turn down 把音量调低

turn over 把……翻过来

play basketball 打篮球

play games 做游戏

play the piano 弹钢琴

play with snow 玩雪

play a joke on 对……开玩笑


think over 仔细考虑

arrive at / in a place 达到某处

eat up 吃完;吃光

do well in 在……做得好

enjoy doing sth / like doing sth 喜欢做某事

find out 发现,查出

finish off 吃完,喝完

stop doing sth 停止做某事

stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

hold a meeting 举行会议

hold up 举起

hurry up 赶快,快点

enter for 报名参加

laugh at 嘲笑

be used to 习惯于

used to 过去常常

wake up 唤醒

work out 算出

① put down 放下 / shut down 把…关上 / cut down 砍掉 / come down下来 / 落下slow down 减缓、放慢 / sit down坐下 / write down写下 / get down 下来,降落

② after all 毕竟.终究 / after that 于是、然后 / day after day 日复一日地 / one after another 相继、挨次 / soon after 不久以后 / the day after tomorrow 后天 / name after 根据……命名 / run after 追赶

③ come up with找到、提出、赶上 / catch/keep up with赶上 / wake up 弄醒、醒来 / send up 发射 / open up 开设、开办 / grow up长大 / pick up拾起、捡起 / hands up举手 / eat up 吃光 / clean up打扫干净 / give up doing sth.=stop doing sth. 放弃做某事

④ arrive at/in + n. (地方)=get to +n. (地方)=reach + n. (地方)=arrive / get +adv. (地方)

⑤ get…back 退还,送回去.取回 / give back 归还 / come back 回来 / at the back of 在…的后面 / on the way (back)home 在回家路上


100 句重点句型

1. welcome to sp 欢迎到某地

eg. welcome to china.(欢迎来到中国)

2. what’s the matter with sb. / sth? 出什么毛病了?

eg. what’s the matter with your watch?(你的手表怎么了?)

3. be different from 与……不同

eg. the weather in beijing is different from that of nanjing.(北京的天气与南京不同。)

4. be the same as 与……相同

eg. his trousers are the same as mine.(his trousers are the same as mine.)

5. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好

eg. mr. wang is very friendly to us.(王先生对我们非常友好。)

6. want to do sth. 想做某事

eg. i want to go to school.(我想去上学。)

7. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事

eg. i want my son to go to school.


8. what to do 做什么

eg. we don’t know what to do next.(我们不知道下一步该做什么。)

9. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

eg. let him enter the room.(让他进房间。)

10. let sb. not do sth. 让某人不做某人

eg. let him not stand in the rain.(让他不要站在雨中。)

11. why don’t you do sth?怎么不做某事呢?

eg. why don’t you play football with us?(你为什么不和我们一起踢足球?)

12. why not do sth.? 怎么不做某事呢?

eg. why not play football with us?(为什么不和我们一起踢足球?)

13. make sb. sth. 为某人制造某物

eg. my father made me a kite.(我父亲给我做了一只风筝。)

14. make sth for sb. 为某人制造某物

eg. my father made a kite for me.(我父亲为我做了一个风筝。)

15. what …mean by …? 做……是什么意思?

eg. what do you mean by doing that?(你这样做是什么意思?)

16. like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

eg. jim likes swimming.(吉姆喜欢游泳。)

17. like to do sth. 喜欢做某事

eg. he doesn’t like to swim now.(他现在不喜欢游泳。)

18. feel like doing sth. 想做某事

eg. i feel like eating bananas.(我想吃香蕉。)

19. would like to do sth. 愿意做某事

eg. would you like to go rowing with me?(你愿意和我一起去划船吗?)

20. would like sb. to do sth. 愿意某人做某事

eg. i’d like you to stay with me tonight.(我希望你今晚和我在一起。)

21. make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

eg. his brother often makes him stay in the sun.(他的哥哥经常让他晒太阳。)

22. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

eg. let me sing a song for you.(让我为你唱首歌。)

23. have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

eg. you shouldn’t have the students work so hard.(你不应该让学生这么努力。)

24. be far from sp 离某地远

eg. his school is far from his home.(他的学校离他家很远。)

25. be near to sp 离某地近

eg. the hospital is near to the post office.(医院离邮局很近。)

26. be good at sth. / doing sth. 擅长某事/做某事

eg.they are good at boating.(他们擅长划船。)

27. it takes sb. some time to do sth. 某人花多少时间做某事

eg. it took me more than a year to learn to draw a beautiful horse in five minutes.(我花了一年多的时间才学会在五分钟内画出一匹漂亮的马。)

28. sb. spends some time / money (in) doing sth. 某人花多少时间做某事

eg. i spent twenty years in writing the novel.(我花了二十年的时间写这部小说。)

29. sb. spends some time / money on sth. 某事花了某人多少时间/金钱

eg. jim spent 1000 yuan on the bike.(吉姆在自行车上花了 1000 元。)

30. sth. costs sb. some money. 某物花了某人多少钱

eg. the bike cost jim 1000 yuan.(这辆自行车花了吉姆 1000 元。)

31. sb. pays some money for sth. 某人为某物付了多少钱

eg. jim paid 1000 yuan for the bike.(吉姆为这辆自行车付了 1000 元。)

32. begin / start with sth. 开始做某事

eg. the started the meeting with a song.(他们以一首歌开始了这次会议。)

33. be going to do sth. 打算做某事

eg. we are going to study in japan.(我们要去日本留学。)

34. call a b . 叫 a b

eg. they called the village gumtree.(他们叫这个村庄桉树。)

35. thank sb. for sth./doing sth. 感谢某人做某事

eg. thank you for your help.(谢谢您的帮助。)

36. what ……for? 为什么

eg. what do you learn english for?(你学英语是为了什么?)

37. how/ what about doing sth.?做某事怎么样?

eg. how about going fishing?(去钓鱼怎么样?)

38. sb +be+ the+最高级+of/in短语

eg. lucy is the tallest in her class.(露西是班里最高的。)

39. sb + be +比较级+than any other + n.

eg. lucy is taller than any other student in her class.(露西比她班上的任何其他学生都高。)

40. have to do sth. 不得不做某事

eg. i have to go home now.(我现在得回家了。)

41. had better do sth. 最好做某事

eg. you’d better study hard at english.(你最好努力学习英语。)

42. had better not do sth. 最好别做某事

eg. you’d better not stay up.(你最好不要熬夜。)

43. help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

eg. lucy often helps lily to wash her clothes.(露西经常帮莉莉洗衣服。)

44. help sb. do sth. 帮助某人做某事

eg. he usually helps me learn english.(他通常会帮助我学习英语。)

45. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

eg. i sometimes help my mother with(我有时会帮助我妈妈)

46. the housework make it +时间 把时间定在几点

eg. let’s make it 8:30.(让我们把时间定在8:30。)

47. take sb. to sp 带某人到某地

eg. mr. wang will take us to the summer palace next sunday.(下周日王先生会带我们去颐和园。)

49. have nothing to do (with sb) 与某人没有关系

eg. that has nothing to do with me.(这与我没有关系。)

50. 主语+ don’t think + 从句 认为……不……

eg. i don’t think it will rain tomorrow.(我认为明天不会下雨。)

51. it’s + adj.+ for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说怎么样

eg. it is lucky for you to go to london.(你能去伦敦是件很幸运的事。)

52. how + adj / adv + 主+ 谓!多么……啊!

eg. how beautiful the flower is!(这朵花是多么的美丽啊!)

53. what + a / an + adj + n + 主+ 谓!

eg. what an beautiful flower it is!(这是一朵多么美丽的花啊!)

54. what + adj+ pl. / [u] +主+ 谓!

eg. what bad weather it is today!(今天是多么糟糕的天气啊!)

55. find it + adj+ to do sth. 发现做某事如何

eg. i find it hard to speak english well!(我发现说好英语很难!)

56. ask sb. for sth. 向某人要某物

eg. they often ask me for money.(他们经常向我要钱。)

57. need to do sth. 需要做某事

eg. you need to study hard.(你需要努力学习。)

58. need sth 需要某物

eg. i don’t need your money.(我不需要你的钱。)

59. use a to do b 用a来做b

eg. we use pens to write.(我们用钢笔写字。)

60. show sb. sth 给某人看某物

eg. please show me the map.(请给我看一下地图。)

61. show sth. to sb. 把某物给某人看

eg. please show the map to me.(请把地图给我看一下。)

62. pass sb. sth. 把某物递给某人

eg. pass me the cup of tea.(把茶杯递给我。)

63. pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人

eg. pass the

cup of tea to me.(把茶杯递给我)

64. buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物

eg. mother bought me a bike.(妈妈给我买了一辆自行车。

65. buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物

eg. mother bought a bike for me.(妈妈给我买了一辆自行车。)

66. give sb. sth 把某物给某人

eg. jim gave me an english dictionary.(吉姆给了我一本英语词典。)

67. give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人

eg. jim gave an english dictionary to me.(吉姆给了我一本英语词典。)

68. get to sp 达到某地

eg. i got to beijing on the morning of may 1st.(我在5月1日上午到了北京。)

69. arrive at / in sp 达到某地

eg. i arrived in beijing on the morning of may 1st.(5月1日上午我到达北京。)

70. reach sp 到达某地

eg. i reached beijing on the morning of may 1st.( 我于5月1日上午到达北京。)

71. hope to do sth. 希望某人做某事

eg. i hope to see you soon.(我希望很快能见到你。)

72. there is sth. wrong with sth. / sb. 某物 / 某人出什么状况了

eg. there is something wrong my car.(我的车出了点问题。)

73. sth. is wrong with … 某物出什么毛病了


something is wrong with my car.(我的车出问题了。)

74. how do you like sth? 你认为……怎么样?

eg. how do you like beijing?(你喜欢北京吗?)

75.what do you think of sth.? 你认为……怎么样?

eg. what do you think of beijing?(你对北京有什么看法?)

76. start doing sth. 开始做某事

eg. i started learning english in 1983.(我从 1983 年开始学习英语。)

77. start to do sth. 开始做某事

eg. i started to watch tv after finishing my homework.(做完作业后我开始看电视。)

78.finish doing sth. 完成作某事

eg. i finished cleaning my car just now.( 我刚刚清洗完我的车。)

79. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

eg. they all enjoy living and working in china.(他们都喜欢在中国生活和工作。)

80.what / when / where / who / something / anything / nothing else …… 别的什么/何时/何地/谁……

① what else do you want to buy?

② where else have you gone?

③ who else have you played with?

④ i have nothing else to tell you.

⑤ would you like something else?

① 你还想买什么?

② 你还去哪儿了?

③ 你还和谁一起玩过?

④ 我没有什么要告诉你的。

⑤ 你想吃点别的吗?

81. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事了(已做)

eg. i forgot turning off the lights. look, it is dark in the room.(我忘了关灯。看,房间里很黑。)

82. forget to do sth. 忘了做某事了(未做)

eg. i forgot to turn off the lights. could you go back and shut the off?( 我忘记关灯了。你能回去关一下吗?)

83. remember doing sth. 记得做过某事了(已做)

eg. i remembered returning your money. you are so forgetful.(我记得还给你钱了。你太健忘了。)

84. remember to do sth. 记住去做某事(未做)

eg. remember to bring me some money. i’ve run out of it.(记得给我带点钱。我已经用完了。)

85.stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事

eg. he stopped to talk with mary when she enter the office.(当玛丽进入办公室时,他停下来与她交谈。)

86. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

eg. the students stopped talking when the teachet came in.(老师进来时,学生们停止了说话。)

87. watch / see / hear sb. do sth. 观看/看见/听见某人做了某事(全过程)

eg. i saw you pick an apple just now.(我刚才看到你摘了一个苹果。)

88. watch / see / hear sb. doing sth. 观看/看见/听见某人正在做某事(点动作)

eg. i saw you playing basketball with your classmates on the playground last sunday.(上周日我看到你和你的同学在操场上打篮球。)

89. go on doing sth. 继续作某事

eg. he went on reading after a short rest.(稍作休息后,他继续阅读。

90. go on to do sth. 继续作某事

eg. he went on to read after finishing wash the dishes.(洗完碗,他继续看书。)

91. go on with sth. 继续某事

eg. he went on with his work after a short rest.(稍作休息后,他继续工作。)

92. say hello / goodbye to sb. 向某人告别

eg.i came to say good-bye to you.(我是来和你说再见的。)

93. be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

eg. they are busy planting trees on the hill.(他们正忙着在山上植树。)

94. be interested in sth. 对某事感兴趣

eg. english is very interesting. we are all interested in it.(英语很有趣。我们都对它感兴趣。)

95. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

eg. mother told me to go shopping with her.(妈妈让我和她一起去购物。)

96. ask sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事

eg. jim ask me to go rowing with him.(吉姆让我和他一起划船。)

97. call / ring sb. up 给某人打电话

eg. i will call you up tommow.(我明天给你打电话。)

98. be ready to do sth. 准备做某事

eg. we are ready to have lunch.(我们准备吃午饭了。)

99. go doing sth. 去做某事

eg. let’s go fishing.(我们准备吃午饭了。)

100. prefer a / doing a to b / doing b 比起a / 做a,更喜欢b / 做b

eg. lucy prefers english to french. i prefer staying at home to going to the cinema(露西更喜欢英语而不是法语。我更喜欢呆在家里而不是去电影院)







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