?1. 辞职信+道歉信:2005 年考研真题(《2018 考研英语高分写作》p.45)?
directions: two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine designs & fashions. but now you find that the work is not what you expected. you decide to quit. write a letter to your boss, mr. wang, telling him your decision, stating your reason(s),and making an apology. write your letter with no less than 100 words. write it neatly on answer sheet2. do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use“li ming”instead. you do not need to write the address. (10 points) ?dear mr. wang, i am much grateful to be employed by you two months ago as an editor for your magazine?
design & fashions. i appreciate the opportunity of having worked here with you and other colleagues. the experiences will be unforgettable throughout my life. however, as a young man whose primary interest is in computer science rather than fashion designing, i find my present job doesnt fall in with my previous training and strength. i therefore decide to quit this job for something else that may conform to my educational background. please accept my sincere apologies for any inconveniences my leaving may cause.???????????????????????????????????????????????????? yours truly,??????????????????????????????????????????????????? li ming?
2、道歉信+建议信:2008 年真题(《 2018 考研英语高分写作》p.60) ?directions:? you have just come back from canada and found a music cd in your luggage that you forgot to return to bob, your landlord there. write him a letter to? 1 ) make an apology, and? 2 ) suggest a solution? ?dear bob,?? i’m writing to apologize for having forgotten to return the “the beatles” cd to you when i left canada. i was in such a hurry that i packed everything in my luggage

without checking carefully. had i paid more attention then, i wouldn’t have made such a stupid mistake.?? now something must be done to solve the problem because i understand you cherish the cd enormously. i can either send it to you by express mail or alternatively compensate you at a reasonable price. if you do not mind, i may bring it back to you next time i go to canada.??? please let me know which solution you prefer at your earliest convenience. i really hope you will accept my sincere apology.?????????????????????????????????????????????? faithfully yours,?? li ming?
3.建议信:2009 年真题(《 2018 考研英语高分写作》p.49) ?directions: restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. “ white pollution ” is still going on. write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to 1) give your opinions briefly, and???? 2) make two or three suggestions.

?dear editors, i have been reading your newspaper for many years with a great enthusiasm and interest. it is my view that limiting/prohibiting the use of disposable plastic bags is of utmost significance. to crack this hard nut, i would like to give/offer/render/propose some/several useful/practical/conducive recommendations as follows. first and foremost, it is imperative for us to ban the free use of disposable plastic bags. in addition, we should develop possible alternative forms to replace them, such as paper or clothing bags. last but not least, plastic bags should be offered in a much higher price in department stores or supermarkets.? i hope you would find the above proposals conducive and i would like to discuss this matter to further details. your prompt attention to my suggestions would be highly appreciated. (125 words)????????????????????????????????????????????????? yours sincerely,????????????????????????????????????????????????????? li ming
4、推荐信:2011年英语(一)真题(《2018考研英语高分写作》p.54) directions:?? write a letter to a friend of yours to? ?1) recommend one of your favorite movies and 2) give reasons for your recommendation. ?dear michael, as one of your closest friend, i’m writing the letter in purpose of recommending one of my favorite movies to you—around the world in eighty days. the primary factors for my recommendation are as follows. for one thing, this is a movie of science fiction which tells us an exciting story about an english gentleman, mr. phileas fogg, who makes a bet with his clubmates and managers to travel around the world in eighty days. for another, it gives us a vivid description of the many difficulties and incidents which happen on his journey. wish you enjoy the movie. looking forward to your reply.???????????????????????????????????????????? yours,????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? li ming? ?5、建议信:2012 年英语(一)真题(《 2018 考研英语高分写作》p.615)?
directions: some international students are coming to your university. write them an email in the name of the students union to 1) extend your welcome and 2) provide some suggestions for their campus life here. ?dear friends, on behalf of the students’ union of beijing foreign studies university, i would like to extend our heartfelt welcome to all of the overseas students from all over the world to study in our university. it is my great pleasure to propose several practical suggestions to you. in the first place, life in this prestigious university perhaps is not as satisfactory as what you expected. you may be tightly bound by continual classes, excessive homework and exams. in the second place, in spite of all these adversities, you will still enjoy your life in this esteemed institution. all types of extracurricular activities such as sports meets, speech contests, different social gatherings and dancing parties provide ample opportunities to make friends.? all in all, although there are many things lacking, life in our campus is a worthwhile period in your whole lifetime. wish you enjoy your life here!
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? yours sincerely,
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? li ming?
6. 推荐信:2015 年英语(一)真题(《 2018 考研英语高分写作》p.68) ?directions:? you are going to host a club reading session. write an email of about 100 words recommending a book to the club members. you should state reasons for your recommendation. you should write neatly on the answer sheet. do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. use “li ming” instead. do not write the address. (10 points) ?dear friends, as the host of the upcoming reading session, i am writing the email to recommend my favorite book to you, tao te ching, which is written by lao tzu. the primary causes of my recommendation are as follows. to begin with, it is the best-loved of all the classical books of china and the most universally popular. in addition, the book encapsulates the main tenets of taoism, and upholds a way of being as well as a philosophy and a religion. more importantly, the dominant image is of the way, the mysterious path through the whole cosmos modeled on the milky way that traverses the heavens. i hope the above information will help you to know the book. if you need any further information about it, please do not hesitate to contact me. (133 words) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? yours sincerely,
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? li ming?
7. 倡议信:2013 年英语(二)真题(《 2018 考研英语高分写作》p.63) ?directions: suppose your class is to hold a charity sale for kids in need of help. write your classmates an email to 1) inform them about the details, and 2) encourage them to participate . ?dear fellow classmates, our class is to hold a charity sale to raise money for those children who are in need of help on january 5, 2013. as the monitor of our class, i’m calling on all students to take part in it. we ask you to donate as much as you can to a fund we have set up to cover their tuition fees and other expenses. unless we can raise sufficient money, those poor kids won’t be able to afford their education and finish school. as a nation renowned in the world for many of its virtues, we chinese people have been giving a helping hand to those who are in distress throughout history. it’s our duty to provide as much support as we can in this hour of need. please contribute generously. (132 words) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? yours sincerely,
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? li ming
8. 询问信:2014 年英语(二)真题(《 2018 考研英语高分写作》p.66)
directions: suppose you are going to study abroad and share an apartment with john, a local student, write him an email to 1) tell him about your living habits, and 2) ask for advice about living there. you should write neatly on the answer sheet. do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. use “li ming” instead. do not write the address. (10 points) ?dear john, i’m glad to hear from you. how have you been these days? the purpose of this email is to tell you about my living habits.? firstly, i never drink or smoke. neither do i stay up late. instead, i keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o’clock at night, because i believe burning the midnight oil is harmful to health. secondly, i’d like to keep my things clean. it is obvious that living in a messy environment results in a chaotic life. finally, could you please offer me some proposals as regards living in your city? i’m sure that we can get along well with each other, and our university life would be one of the best times in life. (123 words) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? yours,
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? li ming
?9. 告示:2015 年英语(二)真题(《 2018 考研英语高分写作》p.70)?
directions: suppose your university is going to host a summer camp for high school students. write a notice to 1) briefly introduce the camp activities, and 2) call for volunteers. you should write about 100 words on the answer sheet. do not use your name or the name of your university. do not write your address. (10 points) ?volunteers needed????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? dec. 26, 2015 in order to improve high school students’ abilities and to enrich their after-class activities, our university is going to hold a summer camp in our campus during this summer vacation. these high school students will be involved in various activities, including taking part in speeches and debates, attending group discussions, and so on. first of all, a variety of activities organized by us could show their outstanding abilities and help them develop a range of practical skills. what is more, their active participation helps in strengthening the sense of responsibility and developing interpersonal relationship. those who are interested in being volunteers may sign up with the monitor of their class before jan. 10, 2016. come and join us now. (118 words) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? the students’ union
10、告示:2016 年英语(一)真题(《2018 考研英语高分写作》p.715)?
directions: suppose you are a librarian in your university. write a notice of about 100 words, providing the newly-enrolled international students with relevant information about the library. you should write neatly on the answer sheet. do not sign your own name at the end of the notice. use “li ming” instead. do not write the address. (10 points) ???????????????????????????????????? notice????????????????????????????????????????????????????? december 26, 2015 welcome to our university! as a librarian, i would like to provide you with detailed information as regards our library. to begin with, since computers are used by all major libraries to streamline cataloguing, we also have access to the internet via computers. in addition, by the end of last semester, we have already replaced all the outdated facilities and provide more conveniences for readers. the last but not the least, we have just prolonged the opening hour of our library, which is from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. in the end, we are so glad to hear that you take the opportunity to study in our university. i am sure you will have a wonderful time here. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? li ming ?参 考 译 文 ?1、 尊敬的王先生: 十分感激您两个月之前聘用我为杂志《设计与时尚》的编辑。我非常珍惜这个和您以 及其他同事共事的机会。这将是我一生中很难忘的经历。 但是,对于一个喜欢计算机科学远多于时尚设计的年轻人来说,我发现目前的工作并 不符合我的教育背景与个人强项。因此,我决定辞职,找一份与我的教育背景相关的工作。?我为我的离职造成的不便深表歉意。?????????????????????????????????????????????????? 您真诚的,?????????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
2、 亲爱的鲍勃: 我写此信的目的是为了向你道歉。在离开加拿大时,我忘了把那盘披头士乐队的 cd 还 给你。走的时候太匆忙了,我把所有东西都塞到行李中,没有仔细检查。当时要是多加注意 的话,就不会犯这种低级错误了。 因为我知道你特别珍爱那盘 cd,所以一定要想办法解决这个问题。我可以寄快递包裹 给你,也可以按合理的价格赔偿你的损失。如果你不介意的话,我也可以在下次去加拿大的 时候把它给你带回去。 请在方便的时候尽快让我知道你倾向哪一种解决方案。希望你能接受我真诚的道歉。 您真诚的,???????????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
尊敬的编辑: 多年来我一直怀着极大的热情与兴趣阅读贵报。我认为限制使用一次性塑料袋非常重 要。 为解决这个难题,我想提出如下几个实用的建议。首先,我们急需禁止免费使用一次 性塑料袋。其次,我们应该开发取代塑料袋的替换方式,如纸袋或布袋。最后,在商场或超 市应以更高的价格提供塑料袋。 我希望您觉得上述建议有益,同时希望进一步讨论这一问题。十分感谢您对我的建议 给予及时的关注。 您真诚的 李明?
4、 迈克尔:???? 作为你最好的一位朋友,我写这封信是为了向你推荐我最喜欢的电影之一:《八十天环 游地球》。????? 我推荐的主要原因如下。首先,这是一部科幻电影,讲述了一位英国绅士的一个激动人 心的故事。菲力?弗格先生跟他的俱乐部伙伴打了个赌,并设法在八十天之内环游了地球。 其次,电影生动描述了他在旅途中遇到的困难和发生的故事。???? 希望你喜欢这部电影。期待着你的回信。??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 你真诚的,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
5、 亲爱的朋友们: 谨代表北京外国语大学学生会,我们向来我校学习的世界各地的海外学生表达衷心的欢 迎。 我们很荣幸地向你们提出一些实用的建议。首先,这所著名学府的生活也许不像你们所 期待的那么令人满意。你们可能会陷入无尽的课程、大量的作业和考试。其次,尽管有这些 课业,你们仍将享受这所大学的生活。运动会、演讲比赛、联谊会和舞会等各种各样的课外 活动提供大量交朋友的机会。 总之,尽管有很多不足,我们的校园生活仍将是你一生中一段美好的岁月。希望你享受 这里的生活!????????????????????????????????????????????????? 您真诚的,????????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
6、 亲爱的朋友们: 作为即将来临的读书会的主持人,我写这封邮件是为了推荐我最喜欢的一本书给大家, 那就是老子写的《道德经》。 我推荐本书的主要原因如下。首先,这本书是中国经典古籍中最受热爱的,也是最广泛 流行的。其次,这本书概述了道家的基本宗旨,并崇尚一种生存之道,同时也是一种哲学和 一种宗教。更为重要的是,其主要精神是道,以横贯天际的银河为模型的贯穿整个宇宙的神 秘之道。 希望上述信息能够帮助大家了解这本书。如果需要更多信息,请毫不犹豫和我联系。???????????????????????????????????????????????? 您真诚的,???????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
亲爱的同学们: 我们班将在 2014 年 1 月 4 日举办一场慈善义卖,为需要帮助的孩子们募集资金。作为 班长,我在这里号召大家积极参加。 我们已经设立了支付他们学杂费的基金,请大家尽自己所能捐献自己的爱心。只有我们 募集足够的资金,那些可怜的孩子们才能上得起学并完成学业。 作为一个以很多美德闻名于世的国家,我们中国人民从古至今都一直乐于助人。在这个 紧要关头,大家一定要尽力帮助他们。最后,请大家慷慨相助。??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
8、 约翰: 很高兴收到你的来信。近来过得怎么样?我写这封邮件的目的是为了告诉你我的生活 习惯。 首先,我从不饮酒或吸烟,也从不熬夜。相反,我保持均衡饮食,每晚 11 点之前睡觉, 因为我相信熬夜对我的健康有害。其次,我喜欢保持整洁。显而易见,住在糟糕的环境中会 导致混乱的生活。 最后,关于住在你们城市,你是否可以给我提出一些建议?我相信我们能够和睦相处, 而且我们的大学生活将成为我们人生中最美好的时光之一。??????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
9. 招募志愿者 2015 年 12 月 26 日 为了提高高中生的能力并丰富其课外活动,我校将于今年暑假在本校举办一场夏令营。?这些高中生将参加各种各样的活动,包括参加演讲与辩论,加入小组讨论等等。首先, 我们组织的这些各类活动能够展示其出色的能力,并帮他们提高实践技能。其次,积极参与 有助于增强他们的责任感和培养人际关系。 有兴趣成为志愿者的学生请于2016年1月10日之前在班长处报名。现在就加入我们吧。??????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 学生会?
10. 告示?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? 2015 年 12 月 26 日 欢迎来到我们大学。作为一名图书馆员,我想提供一些关于图书馆的详细信息。 首先,由于所有大型图书馆都使用电脑来简化检索,我们也将电脑接通互联网。其次, 到上学期末,我们已经替换了所有过时的电脑并为读者提供更多便利。最后,我们刚刚延长 了图书馆的开馆时间:从上午 8 点到晚上 10 点。 最后,我们很高兴得知你们有机会到我们大学学习。我确信你们将在此度过一段美好时 光。????????????????????????????????????????????????? 李明?
三、考研写作 45 大钻石句型:?
?1)首先,中国在制造业方面已经变得异常活跃,这使得对高素质工程师的需求增长。 first and foremost, china has become particularly active in manufacturing, which leads to the increased demand of qualified engineers.?
2)此外,就业市场的总体发展无法跟上大学毕业生人数的增加,这促使很多学生在校园里 再呆三年时间,为就业做更好的准备。 in addition, the development of job market on the whole cannot keep pace with the expansion of college graduates, which obliges a large number of students to stay on campus for another three years to get better prepared for their career.? 3)考虑到所有这些因素,我们可以预计:随着社会的迅速发展,工程硕士的招生人数在未 来十年将会继续增加。 taking all these factors into account, we may predict that with speedy development of our society, the number of recruitment of me will keep growing in the forthcoming decade.?
4)然而,问题的另一方面,这种趋势可能带来很多问题,例如人才的浪费。 on the other side of the coin, however, this tendency may bring about a good many problems, such as the waste of talent. ?
5)我们必须采取有效的措施确保这一状况不会失控,同时鼓励学生们选择那些在就业市场 上需要的既有理论知识又有实践技能的专业。 it is necessary for us to take effective measures to ensure this situation doesn’t get out of hand, and encourage students to choose majors in which theoretical knowledge and practical skills will be demanded in the job market.
?2、流行文化: 1)贝克汉姆代表了体育界英雄的形象,他的英俊外表以及高超的球技正是球迷们热情追捧 的。? beckham represents the image of sport hero whose handsome appearance and unparalleled football skills are passionately adored by all the sports fans.? 2)因此,偶像崇拜这个发人深思的社会现象,其实是把双刃剑,可以深刻影响青年人成长。? hence, idolatry, the thought-provoking social phenomenon, is a double-edged sword which can exert profound influence on the growth of young people. ?
3)如果我们只是靠模仿偶像发型或追逐时尚的方式来崇拜他们,这种痴迷将必定浪费我们 大量的金钱和时间,影响我们的工作效率。? if we simply worship the idols by imitating their hairstyle or pursuing fashions unreasonably, the obsession will certainly waste us a great deal of time and money, endangering the efficiency of our work. ?
4)作为一名大学生,我每天上网与他人在 bbs 上讨论新闻,通过注册网络课程来学习英语, 借助 msn 和我的朋友们免费聊天。 as a college student, i get on line every day to discuss news with other people on bbs, to study english by registering for web courses, to chat freely through msn messenger with my friends.?
5)毕竟,人们发明互联网是为了连接你和我,为我们的生活带来便捷,而非设置障碍使人 彼此疏远。 after all, internet is invented to connect you and me, and to bring conveniences to our life rather than set a barrier to keep people beyond reach.?
3、文化交流: 1)神秘的中国文化吸引了各国人民这一事实表明,在某种程度上一种文化可以在国际范围 内被接受、尊重、欣赏和分享。 the fact that people from different countries are attracted to mysterious chinese culture indicates that to some extent a culture can be accepted, respected, appreciated and shared internationally. ?
since the trend of globalization becomes irresistible, the increasing cultural exchanges can effectively improve mutual understanding and friendship.?
3)同时,我们很有必要推广世界文化,因为来自其他文化的观点,即使乍看起来相互矛盾 甚至很荒谬,但从长远看来,可以为我们观察这个世界提供一种不同的视角。 meanwhile, there are good reasons to advocate international culture for those ideas from the other cultures, controversial or even absurd at first sight, can provide a different perspective for us to observe the world in the long run. ?
4)在我看来,如果人们能为多元文化花费时间的话,那么它就能得以保护。这对确保社会 将来的繁荣和发展都至关重要。? in my view, multi-cultures can be kept alive by the people with the time to do so, and is extremely vital in ensuring a community’s future development and prosperity. ?
5)由于成功的商业努力、政府坚定不移的支持和不断增长的海外兴趣,文化融合的将来会 比过去任何时候更明朗、更安全。? as a consequence of successful commercialization efforts, unwavering government support and growing interests overseas, the future of cultural blending looks brighter and more secure than ever before.? ?(二)社会热点:?
1、健康: 1)随着都市生活节奏的加快和压力的不断增加,越来越多的人开始拥有生理或心理问题。? with the quickening pace of urban life and ever-increasing pressure, people in mounting numbers are suffering either physical or mental problems.?
2)人们分别选择慢跑、打篮球、游泳、滑冰、爬山或骑车作为日常锻炼,这是因为这些运 动总是使我们更强壮和精力充沛。? people respectively choose jogging, playing basketball, swimming, skating, climbing or riding as their regular exercises because these exercises never fail to make us stronger and more energetic.?
3)尤其在逆境中,我们需要保持一种乐观的心态来经历人生的痛苦悲伤、迂回曲折。? especially in adversity, we need to maintain an optimistic mentality to pull through life’s pain and sorrow, twists and turns. ?
4)我保持均衡饮食,而且晚上 11 点之前上床睡觉,因为我相信熬夜对身体有害。? i keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o’clock at night, because i believe burning the midnight oil is harmful to health. ?
5)因为均衡的饮食和充足的睡眠对于身体健康是不可或缺的,大学生应该充分重视养成良 好的习惯。? since both a balanced diet and sufficient sleep are indispensable for physical fitness, university students should put great emphasis on good habits. ?
2、两代关系: 1)一旦年轻人开始寻求独立并接受来自现实世界的挑战,人们发现他们已经被惯坏了,在 困难面前无法足够坚强。? once the young people begin to seek independence and accept challenges from the real world, they are found too spoiled to be strong enough in the face of difficulties. ?
2)只有经历更多的挑战和磨练,年轻人才能培养强大的个性和能力,而且只有这样他们才 能成为这个竞争世界的强者。? only by undergoing more challenges and toils in adversity can young people cultivate strong personality and ability, and only in this way can they become winners in this competitive world. ?
3)当父母年龄太大不能照顾自己的时候,他们就成了负担,被自己的子女们像足球一样踢 来踢去。这是一种令人同情的不公正现象,引起了很多中国人的愤慨。 when they are too old to take care of themselves, the elders become burdens to be kicked around by their sons and daughters like a football, a pitiful and unjust sight that will arouse indignation among many chinese.?
4)作为一个以很多美德闻名于世的民族,中国人民自古以来一直奉行孝道。 as a nation renowned in the world for many of its virtues, the chinese people have been practicing filial piety throughout history.?
5)许多广为传颂的故事反复强调了这种历史悠久的爱老敬老的美德,如西汉的缇萦舍身营 救蒙冤的父亲免于极刑的故事。 many much-told stories reiterate this time-honored virtue of loving and respecting the elders, like the story of tiying in the west han dynasty who risked her life in order to save her wronged father from corporal punishment.
3、职业道德 1)管理部门保证不接受任何贿赂,公正有效地履行指责。? administration departments assure to perform their tasks effectively and fairly without taking any bribes.? 2)生产厂家保证生产高质量产品;商业企业发誓提供真货和礼貌热情的服务。? manufacturing units guarantee to turn out products of good quality; commercial enterprises swear to provide genuine commodities and polite and enthusiastic services. ?
3)事实上,他们做这种承诺的目的只是披上华丽的外衣以便取悦并欺骗公众。 as a matter of fact, their intention to make such commitments is nothing but to put on civilized outer clothing to please or deceive the public. ?
4)但这只母鸡及其同类应该知道:在市场经济体系的激烈竞争中,没人能通过欺诈的言语 而生存下去。? but the hen and her like should know that by dishonest words no one can survive the intense competition under market economy system.?
?5)另外,这种不诚实行为还会产生严重的后果,如成绩上的惩罚、暂时停学、不良违纪行 为记录,这很可能会影响将来的机会。? in addition, this misconduct results in severe consequences, such as grade-related penalties, suspension, or an adverse disciplinary record that may very well impact future opportunities and so on. ?
4、社会公德 1)当我们用到“爱”这个词时,我们不仅仅指对异性的吸引,这是对这个词非常狭隘的解 释。 when we use the word “love”, we do not simply mean an attraction to a person of the opposite sex, which is a very narrow definition of the word. ?
2)下面这幅画阐释了爱的真正含义,它强调了这一事实:爱心是情感力量,不论我们周围 的世界多么黑暗,它都能支撑我们。 the picture below illustrates the real meaning of love, by stressing the fact that love is emotional strength, which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes. ?
as a matter of fact, throughout history people of many different cultures have regarded love as the most sublime of human emotions.?
4)举一个例子证明爱心的力量,我们应该记得 2008 年中国各族人民如何响应号召去支援四 川地震中的受难者。 we should remember how the chinese people of all nationalities respond to the call to help the victims of the deadly earthquake in sichuan province in 2008.? 5)尽管他们的收入按照国际标准衡量还是处于低水平,但是全国人民毫不犹豫地尽他们所 能捐献——不管是钱,还是物品——去帮助那些受难的同胞们。? although their incomes are still low by international standards, people all over the country do not hesitate to donate whatever they can——be it money or goods——to help their needy fellow citizens.? ?(三)环境保护 1、从漫画中,我们可以得出结论,画家想要表达下述信息:成群的游客涌入很多景点,制 造并丢弃了大量的垃圾,影响了大自然的美观。? from the portrayal, we can conclude that the painter wants to convey such a message: a good many scenic spots are flooded with visitors, who spoil the beauty of nature by creating and leaving behind god-knows-how-much trash. ?
2、有些人认为旅游业是经济发展的引擎,似乎忽视了其对环境的负面影响。? some people, laboring under the belief that tourism serves as an engine of economic growth, seem to ignore its negative effects on the environment. ?
3、另一方面,旅游业已经对我们生存的环境造成了巨大的压力:水受到污染,生态平衡遭 到破坏,自然资源被过度开发。? on the other hand, tourism has exerted great pressure on the environment we are living in: water is polluted, the ecological system is disturbed, and natural resources have been excessively used. ??
4、毫无疑问,由于在其他收入很少的地区,旅游业确实有助于发展经济,因此任何国家都 无法禁止旅游业。? undoubtedly, tourism could not be banned in any country as it does help to shore up the economy in places which offer few sources of income.?
?5、通过考虑环境保护因素,我们早就该提高人们的意识来改进这个现状了。? it is high time that we enhanced peoples awareness to rectify this by taking the environmental protection into consideration. ?
(四)人生哲理: 1、由于生活节奏的加快,各行各业的竞争变得日益激烈,激励每个人追求一个又一个的目 标。? owing to the quickening pace of life, competition goes increasingly fierce in all walks of life, stimulating everyone to pursue one goal after another.?
?2、如果我们通过了考试,就面临着征服艰巨研究生课程的挑战。我们仍须在我们未来的学 业、职业和事业上为了成功而继续奋斗。? if we pass this test and are confronted with the challenge of conquering the difficult graduate courses, we still have to strive for success in our future academic study, employment and career. ?
3、这幅漫画的目的是告诉我们在看似不可克服的挑战与困境面前,最重要的是拥有自信。 the purpose of the drawing is to show us that in the face of seemingly insurmountable challenges or predicament, possessing self-confidence is of utmost significance. ?
4、关键时刻,正是他对困难和人生的自信最终决定他能否反败为胜。 it is at these critical times that his self-confidence, towards difficulty and life in general, eventually plays a crucial role in determining whether he can turn failure into victory.?
5、总之,保持乐观可以鼓励人们去学会获得智慧、博爱和自信,因此是个人性格和能力的 培养过程中不可缺少的重要组成部分。 in conclusion, keeping optimistic encourages people to learn wisdom, humanity and self-confidence, and is a crucial and unavoidable aspect of any individual’s development of character and competence.? ?


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